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Bird Feed Ingredients

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Niger (Nyzer/Nyjer) Seeds

Nyjer Seed is also called "thistle" seed, and comes from Guizotia abyssinica plant native to Africa. Nyjer seed is exported mainly to America and its sub continents. Nyjer seed is popular in recent years, largely due to its ability to attract finches including American Goldfinch, Pine Siskin, and Common Redpoll.

Because of this composition, Nyjer is especially popular as a winter bird food, when birds require foods with more oil and a higher calorie content so they can store fat to survive colder temperatures. The protein in Nyjer is also useful for regenerating feathers when birds molt in the late fall and early spring.

The Basic Nutritional Components of Nyjer are:

  • 35 percent fat (25 percent minimum)
  • 18 percent protein (16 percent minimum)
  • 18 percent fiber (20 percent maximum)
  • 12 percent moisture (maximum)

WHITE MILLET

White millet is a favourite with ground-feeding birds including quails, native American sparrows, doves, towhees, juncos, and cardinals. Because white millet is so preferred by groundfeeding birds, it’s often scattered on the ground - an excellent practice as long as no more is set out than birds can eat in a day.

SAFFLOWER

Safflower has a thick shell, hard for some birds to crack open, but is a favorite among cardinals. Some grosbeaks, chickadees, doves, and native sparrows also eat it. According to some sources, House Sparrows, European Starlings, and squirrels don’t like safflower, but in some areas seem to have developed a taste for it. Cardinals and grosbeaks tend to prefer tray and hopper feeders, which makes these feeders a good choice for offering safflower.

SUNFLOWER SEED

There are two kinds of sunflower—black oil and striped. The black oil seeds (“oilers”) have very thin shells, easy for virtually all seed-eating birds to crack open, and the kernels within have a high fat content, extremely valuable for most winter birds. Striped sunflower seeds have a thicker shell, much harder for House Sparrows and blackbirds to crack open. So if you’re inundated with species you’d rather not subsidize at your black oil sunflower, before you do anything else, try switching to striped sunflower.

People living in apartments or who have trouble raking up seed shells under their feeders often offer shelled sunflower. Many birds love this, as of course do squirrels. Sunflower is very attractive to squirrels, a problem for people who don’t wish to subsidize them. Some kinds of squirrel baffles, and some specialized feeders, are fairly good at excluding them.

Sunflower in the shell can be offered in a wide variety of feeders, including trays, tube feeders, hoppers, and acrylic window feeders. Sunflower hearts and chips shouldn’t be offered in tube feeders where moisture can collect.

MILO OR SORGHUM

Milo is a favorite with many Western ground-feeding birds. On Cornell Lab of Ornithology seed preference tests, Steller’s Jays, Curve-billed Thrashers, and Gambel’s Quails prefer milo to sunflower. In another study, House Sparrows did not like milo, but cowbirds did.

Milo should be scattered on the ground or on low tray feeders. Stop offering it if you’re subsidizing cowbirds.

CRACKED CORN

Corn is an inexpensive grain that many FeederWatchers provide for birds. Whole corn is a favorite of Wild Turkeys and ducks, while cracked corn will attract doves, quail, and sparrows. To attract these birds, try mixing cracked corn with millet and feeding a scoopful on the ground or a platform feeder.

FLAX SEEDS

Due to their high content of oil, flax seeds belong to the group of the so-called oilseeds. Some budgies and other pet birds like to eat flax seeds. If one serves these seeds in small quantities in addition to the daily seed mixture, the birds can benefit from the nutrients of these healthy small seeds.

Precurement & Processing:

We have more than 40 years specialized and established system for procuring, storing, cleaning, Heat / ETO Treatment, Packaging and Shipment of Nyzer seed.

With our traceability system and Batch No of finished product we can identify the source of raw material.

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