India had been producing around 7 lakhs metric tons of sesame seeds annually and stands at 2nd place in terms of production. The country also ranks 1st in the context of the area covered under the cultivation of the crop. The states, Gujarat and West Bengal account for the maximum production in the country producing 2 lakh tons of sesame seeds every year. The major sesame-producing of India are Gujarat, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Karnataka.
India produces a wide variety of sesame seeds differing in colors, size, oil content etc. The eastern part of the country generally produces seeds of inferior quality in colors like red and black. But the western part of the country produces a much superior quality sesame seeds mostly white in color.