Speciality Fats
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Mahua

Mowrah is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree (Madhuca latifolia) and found in UP, MP, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh states in India. It is a large evergreen tree commonly found in South India and the monsoon forest of the Western Ghats from Konkan southwards. The tree, its flowers, and seed have been very gainfully used in various ways. The fruit is rich in sugar (73%) and next to cane molasses constitutes the most important raw material for alcohol fermentation.

The mature fruits fall on the ground in May and July in the north and August and September in the South. The orange brown ripe fleshly berry contains 1-4 shining seeds. The seeds can be separated from the fruit-wall by pressing, and each seed contain two kernels. The kernels contain about 50% oil. The estimated potential of the kernel is 1.11 million tons and oil 400,000 tons assuming an average 36% yield.

Depending on the application, the crude fat is refined in a different way. For CBS and cosmetic uses, it’s refined by chemical conventional refining, and for use in Vanaspati, it’s physically refined, by an expelling process. Mahua seeds contain 35% oil. They are the single largest indigenous source of natural hard fat and is rich in palmitic acid. Which is why, it’s used in the cosmetic industry, for the manufacture of soap, and in the pharmaceutical industry.

Chemical composition

Mowrah contains 26% symmetrical glycerides of the SOS type and can be recovered by crystallization. The crystallization from acetone at 0-12o c gives 28.6% of stearine with IV (Iodine value) of 38.8. Previously such high-quality fractions from mowrah were not easily availbelr or were very costly. Therefore, low cost butter was obtained by blending kokum and mowrah stearine in the ratio 30:70.

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